AI INDEX

Global AI Vibrancy Tool

Research and Development

  • Number of AI conference papers*Total count of published AI conference papers attributed to institutions in the given country.Source: Microsoft Academic Graph (MAG)
  • Number of AI conference papers per capitaTotal count of published AI conference papers attributed to institutions in the given country in per capita terms. The denominator is population in millions for a given year to obtain scaled values.Source: Microsoft Academic Graph (MAG)
  • Number of AI conference citations*Total count of AI conference citations attributed to institutions in the given country.Source: Microsoft Academic Graph (MAG)
  • Number of AI conference citations per capitaTotal count of AI conference citations attributed to institutions in the given country in per capita terms. The denominator is population in millions for a given year to obtain scaled values.Source: Microsoft Academic Graph (MAG)
  • Number of AI conference references*Total count of AI conference references attributed to institutions in the given country.Source: Microsoft Academic Graph (MAG)
  • Number of AI conference references per capitaTotal count of AI conference references attributed to institutions in the given country in per capita terms. The denominator is population in millions for a given year to obtain scaled values.Source: Microsoft Academic Graph (MAG)
  • Number of AI journal papers*Total count of published AI journal papers attributed to institutions in the given country.Source: Microsoft Academic Graph (MAG)
  • Number of AI journal papers per capitaTotal count of published AI journal papers attributed to institutions in the given country in per capita terms. The denominator is population in millions for a given year to obtain scaled values.Source: Microsoft Academic Graph (MAG)
  • Number of AI journal references*Total count of AI journal references attributed to institutions in the given country.Source: Microsoft Academic Graph (MAG)
  • Number of AI journal references per capitaTotal count of AI journal references attributed to institutions in the given country in per capita terms. The denominator is population in millions for a given year to obtain scaled values.Source: Microsoft Academic Graph (MAG)
  • Number of AI patents*Total count of published AI patents attributed to institutions in the given country.Source: Microsoft Academic Graph (MAG)
  • Number of AI patents per capitaTotal count of published AI patents attributed to institutions in the given country in per capita terms. The denominator is population in millions for a given year to obtain scaled values.Source: Microsoft Academic Graph (MAG)
  • Number of AI patent citations*Total count of published AI patents citations attributed to institutions of originating patent filing. Source: Microsoft Academic Graph (MAG)
  • Number of AI patent citations per capitaTotal count of published AI patent citations attributed to institutions in the given country of originating patent filing, in per capita terms. The denominator is population in millions for a given year to obtain scaled values.Source: Microsoft Academic Graph (MAG)
  • Number of AI patent references*Total count of published AI patent references attributed to institutions in the given country of originating patent filing, in per capita terms. Source: Microsoft Academic Graph (MAG)
  • Number of AI patent references per capitaTotal count of published AI patent references attributed to institutions in the given country of originating patent filing, in per capita terms. The denominator is population in millions for a given year to obtain appropriately scaled values.Source: arXiv, NESTA
  • Number of Deep Learning papers*Total count of arXiv papers on Deep Learning attributed to institutions in the given country.Source: Microsoft Academic Graph (MAG)
  • Number of Deep Learning papers per capitaTotal count of arXiv papers on Deep Learning attributed to institutions in the given country in per capita terms. The denominator is population in millions for a given year to obtain scaled values.Source: arXiv, NESTA
  • Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) of Deep Learning Papers on arXivMeasure of relative specialization in Deep Learning papers based on arXiv at the country level.Source: arXiv, NESTA

Economy

  • Percentile Rank of AI Skills on CourseraUsing a variant of the Elo algorithm, Coursera measure the skill proficiency of all learners on the Coursera platform as revealed by their performance on graded assessments in courses (these include programming assignments, multiple choice exams, and peer reviewed projects). Coursera then computes the average skill proficiency of all learners in a country on the platform to measure a country's skill proficiency in AI and related skills, ranking countries against one another.Source: Coursera
  • AI (% of total enrollment)Coursera computes the fraction of a country's enrollments that are in courses teaching AI and related skills to measure the relative interest in AI content across the globe. Measuring this fraction over time allows us to see enrollment trends and where emphasis on AI is increasing or decreasing.Source: Coursera
  • Relative Skill PenetrationRelative skill penetration rate (this is a method to compare how prevalent AI skills are at the average occupation in each country against a benchmark (here the global average), controlling for the same set of occupations.Source: LinkedIn Economic Graph
  • Number of unique AI occupations (job titles)Number of unique AI occupations (or job titles) with high AI skill penetration.Source: LinkedIn Economic Graph
  • LinkedIn Economic GraphAI hiring rate is the percentage of LinkedIn members who had any AI skills (see appendix for the AI skill grouping) on their profile and added a new employer to their profile in the same month the new job began, divided by the total number of LinkedIn members in the country. This rate is then indexed to the average month in 2015-2016; for example, an index of 1.05 indicates a hiring rate that is 5% higher than the average month in 2015-2016.Source: LinkedIn Economic Graph
  • Total AI Private Investment*Total amount of Private Investment Funding received for AI startups (nominal US$).Source: Crunchbase, CapIQ, Quid
  • AI Private Investment per capitaTotal amount of Private Investment Funding received for AI startups in per capita terms. The denominator is population in millions for a given year to obtain appropriately scaled values.Source: Crunchbase, CapIQ, Quid
  • Number of Startups Funded*Total number of AI companies founded in the given country.Source: Crunchbase, CapIQ, Quid
  • Number of funded startups per capitaTotal number of AI companies founded in the given country in per capita terms.Source: Crunchbase, CapIQ, Quid
  • Robot Installations (in thousands of units)Number of industrial robots installed in the given country (in 1000's of units).Source: International Federation of Robotics (IFR)

Inclusion

  • Proportion of female AI authorsPercentage of AI papers on arXiv where one author is attributed to be female.Source: arXiv, NESTA
  • AI Skill Penetration (female)Relative skill penetration rate (this is a method to compare how prevalent AI skills are at the average occupation in each country against a benchmark (here the global average), controlling for the same set of occupations. The female AI skill penetration measure is a relative measure of female AI skill penetration in a country to global female AI skill penetration.Source: LinkedIn Economic Graph
  • Number of unique AI occupations (job titles), femaleNumber of unique AI occupations (or job titles) with high AI skill penetration for females in a given country. Source: LinkedIn Economic Graph

Country Coverage

The 28 countries covered in the Global AI Vibrancy Tool were selected based on an aggregate data availability threshold of at least 70% (24 out of 34 variables) at the sub-pillar level data availability. The most recent data points for each country were considered in the calculation between 2015 and 2018 as a cutoff year. Meanwhile, each variable had to pass a country-based availability threshold of 50% (28 out of 123 countries). In order to provide transparency and replicability, there was no imputation effort to fill in missing values in the data set. Missing values were noted with ‘n/a’ and were not considered in the calculation of sub-pillar scores.

The countries included in the AI Global Vibrancy Tool are:
  • Australia (AUS)
  • Austria (AUT)
  • Belgium (BEL)
  • Brazil (BRA)
  • Canada (CAN)
  • China* (CHN)
  • Denmark (DNK)
  • Finland (FIN)
  • France (FRA)
  • Germany (DEU)
  • India (IND)
  • Ireland (IRL)
  • Italy (ITA)
  • Japan (JPN)
  • Netherlands (NLD)
  • Norway* (NOR)
  • Portugal (PRT)
  • Russia* (RUS)
  • Singapore (SGP)
  • South Africa (ZAF)
  • Spain (ESP)
  • Sweden (SWE)
  • Switzerland (CHE)
  • United Arab Emirates* (ARE)
  • United Kingdom (GBR)
  • United States of America (USA)
*No inclusion metrics available

The Global AI Vibrancy Tool compares countries’ global activities, including both a cross-country perspective as well as an intra-country drill down. It is tempting to provide a single ranking of countries, but such rankings are notoriously tricky. Projecting complex, heterogeneous measures down to a single number (or even a small set of numbers) is fraught with methodological subtleties, and can be highly subjective or skewed. For now, we thought it more responsible and useful to provide a tool for the reader to set the parameters and obtain the perspective they find most relevant.


Disclaimer: The metrics shown here are sourced to original data provider and provide non-exhaustive dimensions for considerations. You can access the raw data here.

Data Description

Country Codes

Use the buttons and sliders below to change the weight for a metric, then scroll down to see the updated weights reflected in the following charts. The charts automatically update when any weight is changed.

All weights to midpoint

Only absolute metrics

Only per capita metrics

Research and Development

Number of AI conference papers* Number of AI conference papers per capita Number of AI conference citations* Number of AI conference citations per capita Number of AI conference references* Number of AI conference references per capita Number of AI journal papers* Number of AI journal papers per capita Number of AI journal citations* Number of AI journal citations per capita Number of AI journal references* Number of AI journal references per capita Number of AI patents* Number of AI patents per capita Number of AI patent citations* Number of AI patent citations per capita Number of AI patent references* Number of AI patent references per capita Number of Deep Learning papers* Number of Deep Learning papers per capita Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) of Deep Learning Papers on arXiv

Economy

Percentile Rank of AI Skills on Coursera AI (% of total enrollment) Relative Skill Penetration Number of unique AI occupations (job titles) AI hiring index Total AI Private Investment* AI Private Investment per capita Number of Startups Funded* Number of funded startups per capita Robot Installations (in thousands of units)

Inclusion

Proportion of female AI authors AI Skill Penetration (female) Number of unique AI occupations (job titles), female
Global National

Global AI Vibrancy in Three Pillars: Research and Development, Economy, and Inclusion, 2018



Global AI Vibrancy: Normalized Score (0-100) on 34 Metrics, 2018



Composite Index Scores, 2015-2018